In 1847 President James Polk was discouraged by the Cherokee civil war and had a bill introduced in the House of representatives by a member of the House Committee on Indian Affairs to divide the nation into three separate territories and governments. He gave Ross an ultimatum to stop the fighting or else... Ross made sufficient concessions to the "old settlers" and The Ridge party to effect a peace agreement.
Under the peace document, dated February 4, 1847, no further party distinctions were to be countenanced. A special clause stated that "all offences and crimes committed by a citizen of the Cherokee Nation... are hereby pardoned." This provision was aimed at the Starrs, particularly Tom Starr. Historians agree, rarely has a government been forced to the extreme of a peace treaty with one of it's subjects.
Tom Starr moved to the far southwestern section of the Cherokee Nation, The Canadian District, north of the Canadian River, near the present town of Briartown. Despite the amnesty, he still considered Ross Cherokees legitimate prey on all occasions.
When the War between the States began, Tom joined the Confederacy against the followers of John Ross. He met and, at times, fought along side Quantrill who was occasionally Tom's guest at his ranch on the Canadian.
After the war, Tom conducted a lively business in whiskey, cattle, and horse thievery. He became firmly entrenched in a wild remote domain on the South Canadian, surrounded by his eight sons, Sam, Ellis, Cooper, Molsie, Tulsie, William, Jack, and Washington; his two daughters and their in-laws and cousins, the Toneys, Phillips, McClures, Mabrys, and Wests. They were his bodyguards and intelligence service.
It may only be a coincidence, but it is worth noting that during the Civil War, Mary Ellen Falconer, William H. Titchenal's sister, had fled Fort Smith through Indian territory to Sherman, Texas where she established a temporary home for Confederate solders. Among the troops that stayed there were the same famous names that knew Tom Starr. They may have talked about Tom Starr when staying at Mary Ellen's temporary home for Confederate solders. The men were. Quantrill, Cole Younger and Jessie James. (The Titchenal Saga, page 241 Chapter XVI Volume I section I)
The former Quantrill guerrillas and new outlaws of the reconstruction disorder found Tom Starr's place a haven. Cole Younger used Tom's ranch so often during the war and on trips to and from Texas with his brothers afterward that Tom named the great crook neck in the river Younger's Bend in their honor, long before the country ever heard of Belle Starr.