Chapter V

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Moses' Entrepreneurial Days and Death in Maryland


("Moses and Sons" begin operation of several new business near Westernport, along George's Creek and around the mouth of the Savage and Potomac Rivers. Moses sudden death causes the break up of the family business ventures.)

In spite of the Revolutionary War and the resulting delays in starting work on the canal, there is considerable evidence to suggest Moses still believed in Washington's dream of making the Potomac River fully navigable. The river was being used for flat boat shipping of farm goods and coal down river to Georgetown, but the dream of shipping goods upstream to the towns along the Potomac, and beyond to the Ohio and the west, had met with considerable delays, due mostly to the problems in forming the new congressional government.

General Cornwallis had surrendered his army of 8000 men at Yorktown on October 18,1781, but the preliminary Articles of Peace were not signed until October 5, 1782. The final Articles of Peace were signed in Paris, France, September 3rd, 1783. They were ratified by Congress January 14, 1784, and exchanged at last, May 12, 1784 The last British troops left the docks of New York on November 25, 1784. It took five more years to write and ratify the Federal Constitution and elect the first President. Washington was inaugurated April 16, 1789.

George Washington continued to show great interest in making the Potomac River fully navigable beyond Fort Cumberland, where he believed a connection to the Ohio River would be possible. Washington did not wait for the Constitution and his election to take action, In March of 1785 he hosted "The Mount Vernon Conference" to consider problems relating to the navigation of the Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River. (However Washington took no direct part in the discussions.)

At that time, commissioners of the Maryland and Virginia devised two plans: (1) a navigation company to remove obstacles, cut new channels, and build a canal around Great Falls; (2) construction of a road that would join the head waters of the Potomac and the Ohio. The plan was daring and costly, but if completed, would effectively connect the Potomac with the entire Mississippi Valley.

In the latter part of the 1780s and the early 1790s as word spread of the "Mount Vernon Conference," the subsequent action of the Commissioners, and the beginning of some work, Moses and the people around Westernport became excited.

They believed their dreams would finally come to pass. Westernport would be the key city where the Savage River joins the Potomac. Also the western junction of the tributaries of the Ohio River. Moses had worked hard to acquire key property at the mouth of the Savage River and the Potomac and he was set for the completion of the canal.

Because he died with the canal work still in progress, Moses would never know that the politics, costs and construction difficulties meant the work would never be completed.

Though it would never directly benefit Moses Titchenal or his family, to some extent the proposal was achieved. James Rumsey, engineer for the Potomac Company supervised the removal of huge boulders from the riverbed and completed the Great Falls Canal in 1802, which allowed some up-river navigation.

Even though the work was never completed, the flurry of activity at Great Falls was instrumental in the creation and growth of the new town of Westernport. Actually, the area around Westernport had been known to the Indians and fur traders during the colonial era, long before a town was established there. It was a natural stopping point for them, as well as for hunters, on their way from Fort Duquesne (later Fort Pitt, then Pittsburgh) and Wheeling on the Ohio.

Water power was the first attraction. Peter Devecmon bought a lot of land in 1780 and built a prosperous stone gristmill. Devecmons holding were bought out by James Morrison (1) and Adam Sigler, who surveyed and laid out the town. By the turn of the century, representatives of the following families lived there; Wilt, Ravenscroft, Foss, Powers, Poland, Michael, Clark, Broadwater, Dayton, Coleman, Hight, Kooken, Grove, Duckworth, (2) Hixenbaugh, Fazenbaker, Paxon, Murry, and Jameson. Life must have been hard in early West Port, it's nickname was 'Hardscrabble'.

September 20, 1794, Moses took action on his business plans. To get cash for construction, he sold parts of Lots #1 & #2 (containing 7-1/2 acres) near the mouth of Gum Spring Run to John Templeman of Montgomery County, Maryland (northwest of present day Washington, D.C.) for 100. A saw mill was to be built and a coal mine operated on this land were owned jointly by Templeman and Titchenal. (John Templeman may have been an absentee investor, as he did not live in the area.

On January 2, 1796, a marriage license was issued to Moses and Margaret's daughter, Nancy (now 28 or 29) and Thomas Pritchard (28). Thomas Pritchard was born in Fairfax County, Virginia in 1768. His ancestors came from England (Welsh) and settled in Jamestown in 1610. His brother, John Pritchard, saw three years of service in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War.

Shortly after this marriage license was issued, Moses died. It is not known how he died, or the exact date, but he was about 53 years old. It could have been an accident or a sudden illness. Sudden death was no stranger to Allegany County's villages and farms. Nearly every issue of the weekly newspaper reported farming or hunting fatalities, back yard mining or timbering accidents, infant deaths, deaths at childbirth, suicides or accidents by drowning, hanging, or shooting. Communicable diseases like measles, smallpox, and scarlet fever were frequently noted. Consumption, typhus, and a variety of intestinal troubles also took their toll.

That a family would unexpectedly lose some members was accepted as a normal course of life. It was the custom for the pioneer families to stop the family clocks and turn all mirrors and pictures to the wall after the death of a family member. The body was laid out on a table in the dining room for viewing and the family received friends. Before burial the body was dressed in a white shroud (by the family or neighbors) and laid out on a special cooling board. Coffins were constructed by cabinetmakers, or a family member, from solid cherry or walnut. An 1827 bill from a store in Flintstone charged $11.28 for a coffin, ten yards of crepe, eight yards of cambric for a shroud, one pair of stockings, one ball of cotton for a pillow, and fifty springs and screws. No doubt, Margaret Titchenal did or arranged all of those things for Moses.

His death may have been the cause of the delay of Nancy's marriage to Thomas Pritchard until February 26th, 1796. After their marriage, they settled three miles west of what is now Bloomington, on a farm (occupied by a Joseph Meyers in 1937).

Moses must have died sometime before the second Tuesday in January, 1796. Court records show, on that day:

Moses must have died sometime before the second Tuesday in January, 1796. Court records show, on that day:

"Stephen, Margaret, and Jane Tichenal, orphan children of Moses Titchenal, late of Allegany County, deceased, came into Orphan's court. Margaret[4] Tichenal and Thomas Pritchard were chosen as their Guardians. Margaret (age 12 ?) and Jain (Jane's age is unknown but may have been 8 or 9). All being under the age of 14 years the court appointed the afore said Margaret[4] Tickenal and Thomas Pritchard as their Guardian who were present in court. They accepted the said guardianship and offered as security; Michael Bean and Aaron Duckworth[3] who were accepted by the Court and the Bond was Executed accordingly. Bond filed.

The Court also ordered; David Tickenal (33), administrator of Moses Tickenal's Estate, Deceased. To deliver and pay to Margaret * Tickenal and Thomas Pritchard all the estate of Stephen Tickenal, Margaret Tickenal and Jain (Jane) Tickenal now in his hands or possession. The Court also ordered a summon be issued against David Tickenal, administrator of Moses Tickenal, Deceased to show cause why the Inventory of said estate has not been returned agreeable by law."
(note many different spelling on same document)

No mention is made of Phoebe Titchenal (who would have been 20 or 21 yrs old in 1796). She had married John Smith [about 1791] and John Smith was listed in the probate of her father Moses' estate in 1797, as guardian of their four children, William, Eli, John & Elizabeth all under the age of 14. Phoebe must have died shortly before Moses died as she was not listed in his estate. In order to have four children before 1796, she must have married young and perhaps died at the birth of her last child.

Abigail was not mentioned either. Abigail (age unknown, maybe 10 or 11) was still alive at this time, later she married Henry Duckworth (January 10, 1801), and she was named in her mother's will in 1818. Jane was mentioned. She was the youngest child (6 or 7) and married George Cease November 8, 1814.

From the court action and subsequent records we see that some trouble had developed over the settling of Moses' estate. Without his guidance, the business floundered. Moses must have had a strong influence on his family. Whatever the reason, all of Moses' work and plans for the future came to a sudden stop. The family had to settle Moses' estate and decide what to do individually. It took many years to settle everything and for each family member to start a new life without Moses.

October 11, 1796 the first settlement of Moses Titchenal's estate was filed in Allegany County Court. "Margaret and David Tichenal, administrators, filed an inventory and paid accounts to: Mary Price, B. Beall, Late sheriff, John Hays, Dunkin McVicker, Joshua Titchenal Ekenezer Davis, George Husher, and James Eddy."

On December 26, 1796 "Joshua Titchenal of Allegany County agreed to mortgage unto David Titchenal of same place, all right and title to the estate of the late Moses Titchenal which lies at the mouth of the Savage River. Payment of $50 was to be made within 60 months. This was witnessed by Duncan McVicker and Mary Titchenal [David's wife].

Joshua Tichenal (29) and Elsia Bevens were married February 26th. 1797(?) (The date may have been 1796. If it was, Joshua and his sister Nancy were married on the same day.) Whatever the date, it was stated Joshua and his wife lived with his parents for a while. (Must mean his mother, the widow Margaret Titchenal, which could make sense as she was alone.)

In 1798, when the first assessment of Moses' property was made and recorded, his property was assessed to his heirs as follows: Lots #1 and #2 and three other tracts, 268 acres, valuation 57, 11s, 6d. Personal property 46,10s. His sons estates were also assessed in their own names as follows:


David, personal property, valuation, 45,2s,6d.*
Joshua, personal property, valuation, 220.
Stephen, real estate, lot 68 and mill seat, 50 acres.
Thomas Pritchard (son-in-law) was assessed with military lots 96 and 97, valuation 22,1s,8d. and with personal property, including 16 cattle 110, 3s, 4d. He was one of eight then living in what is now Garret County, who were assessed with "silver plate" Note: the same year John Pritchard was assessed with a house and lot in the village of Selby's Port, 15, and a nearby military lot #3294.
(See footnote #5 for author's conjecture of these assessments)

The 1799 court records show "Joshua Tichenal deeded to David Tichenal his 1/8 part of the real estate of the late Moses Tichenal (except for his part in the sawmill), on June 15,1799, for a sum of 31, 15s."

All census records before 1850 show only the name the head of the households, others in the household are listed by age and sex.

The 1800 census shows Margaret Tichenal (Moses' widow) as head of a household, living in the Glades. David and Stephen were also living in the Glades as heads of households. Joshua was listed as a head of a household in the George's Creek area in Allegany County.

1800 census, Allegany County Maryland Names shown as spelled on census record.

Glades District

Margaret Tichenall, head of family with;
Zero Males
2 females between 10 and 16 years old, Jane (11), Margaret (14)
0ne female over 45 years old.

David Tichenall, head of family with;
3 males under ten years old, John R. (9),William R. (7), Moses (4)
one male between 10 and 16, unknown Andrew Jackson was born, Oct. 1800
one male between 16 and 26, unknown Daniel was born, 1801
one male between 26 and 45, David (36) David Jr. was born Jan., 1805
one female under 10 years old, Margaret (5)
one female between 26 and 45, Mary Buckalew (?)

Stephen Tichenal, heard of family with;
one male between 26 and 45 years old, Stephen (28)

George's Creek District

Joshua Tichenall head of family with;
one male between 26 and 45 years old, Joshua, (32)
3 females under 10 years old, unknown no record. Two of them may be Elizabeth and Sarah (see below)
One female between 26 and 45 years old, Elsia Bivins (age?) They were married about 1796

In the book, History of Allegany County, Harry Stegmaier states:

"Coal had been found as early as 1751 in George's Creek. A Virginia traveler in 1789 wrote of the 'inexhaustible beds of coal, some of which the river laid bare, near the mouth of the savage river.' In 1810, violent spring flooding of George's Creek stripped the earth from a 'mountain of coal' near present day Lonconing. Some of this coal was taken to Westernport and sent down the Potomac to Georgetown.

There was little that was systematic in early mining years, people just removed the surface coal with their farm implements. The small population in the area used relatively little of the output for fuel and coal burning industries were few in number. The coal region in Allegany county consisted of an area five miles wide between Dan's Mountain on the east and Savage Mountain on the west and 25 miles long from the Pennsylvania border to Westernport.

In the excitement of the 'Canal Fever' and road building the area boomed. And by 1828 Richard Beall at a dinner in Cumberland toasted; 'To the coal miners of Allegany, with the aid of the Canal, the mines will yield more riches than the gold mines of Peru Many of the investors believed that iron, not coal would be their chief source of profit."

While the mining and iron industries did flourish for about two decades, the canal was never completed as far as Cumberland. Transportation was the major problem. Iron products could be shipped from European companies at less cost than for local manufacturing. Railroads were there before the canal or good roads.

"A bond was recorded in Allegany county court April 22, 1800 for George Lamar from Margaret Titchenal, daughter of Moses Titchenal, both of Allegany county, in a sum of 93, 15s for his interest and claims of real estate of Moses Titchenal, deceased."

Moses' daughter Abigail married Henry Duckworth[6], January 10, 1801. She was named in her mother's will in 1818 as just Abigail. Maybe she was widowed by then.

In 1818, Moses' daughter, Jane, was named in her mother's will as Jane, the wife of George Cease. The court records show that "Jean Tichnell" married a George Sees, Oct. 8,1814.

On December 10, 1803, a judgment was levied against Joshua Tichenal in the amount of 8, 7s,3p and costs. Patrick Murdock would have the use of Joshua's goods and chattel lands in case of nonpayment. Michael Paugh was assigned the security for payment.

David again appeared at Orphan's Court in Cumberland, Allegany, County on the 12th. of February 1805. The same day he made application for letters of administration on the estate of his father-in-law, Andrew Buckalieu, deceased.

The court records show: "March 5, 1806, John Templeman of D.C. sold to Thomas Crawford of Allegany County lots # 347, #348, & #349 lying westward of Fort Cumberland containing 50 acres each, also lot # 346 adjoining the above and 17 and 1/2 acres of land just above the mouth of the savage river. A total of 217.5 acres for $2600. This was the land bought by John Templeman from Moses Titchenal on September 20, 1794 {seepage 73], included in the sale was all of the tract of land lying westward of Fort Cumberland on which the ruins of a burnt mill now stands. [8]"

On April 9, 1806, David Titchenal, administrator for the estate of Andrew Buckalieu (Buckalew), in the first accounting, named: Levy Hilleary, Park... Buckalew, Hones Paugh, William McMahon, Duncan McVicker, Jacob Paugh, Thomas Stewart, Hugh Reynolds, David Tichenal, Templeman & Crawford, Stephen Tichenal, David MacKentire and Joshua Tichenal, to receive payments.

On April 14, 1807, David Titchenal, administrator for the estate of Andrew Buckalew, second accounting, paid an account to Charles Snider.

April 10, 1808, Andrew Buckalew estate, David Tichenal, administrator. third accounting, cash received from Norman B. Magruder and Jacob Husher. accounts paid to: Matthew Ball, Simpson & Morrison [1], Benjamin Brady, Jacob Husher, Daniel Recknor, Jacob Husler, James Morrison [1], Adam Sigler.

October 12 1809, Moses Titchenal, estate, Margaret and David Tichenal, administrators, accounts paid to: Matthew Ball, John Beall, Henry Duckworth, Legatee, the widows third, John Smith, (Moses' daughter Phoebe's husband and Guardian of Besty and William Smith), Thomas Pritchard, (his wife's share), and for Stephen, Margaret and Jane Tichenal, per court order.

Margaret Tichenal, Moses' widow, married a man named James Ryan. The date of the wedding is unknown, but it was probably sometime after 1809. She was still listed as a head of household in the 1800 census and listed as Margaret Tichenal on the 1809 accounting of her deceased husband's Estate, Her last child Jane was married in 1814.

The only proof that Margaret Tichenal married a second time is the will of Margaret Ryan dated October 19, 1818 which named sons, David, Joshua, & Stephen and daughters Margaret, Abigail & Jane Tichnel, wife of George Cease. She died in Hardy County, Virginia some time after October 19, 1818, at the age of at least 72.

James Ryan may have been a relative of John Ryan. John Ryan had been a revolutionary solder. He served in Col. Moses Hozen's Regiment (second Canadian) Continental Army which fought alongside the New Jersey Militia. He had been awarded military land and had lived in the area of Bloomington a long time. He may have been in the Garret county area before Moses. In fact "Ryan's Glade"[7] was named after him. He and his family must have been friends of Moses and Margaret Tichenal.

Stephen Schlosnagle, in his book Garrett County wrote:

"On the whole, the first decade [1790s] of Allegany county was one of boom, expansion and general prosperity. It was slightly interrupted only once by the specter of insurrection in 1794. The cause of this rebellion lay in what the most controversial part of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton's financial program: A tax on whisky. His duty on hard liquors produced within the continental United States hit the frontier farmers especially hard, because they viewed it as a tax on money. Indeed, liquor circulated as money in frontier settlements.

In those days of almost impassable roads, even if roads existed, the conversion of grain into corn liquor, easily transported on packhorses, was almost the only means by which the farmers could get their produce to market. (This was one of the reasons the Canal was so important to the farmers.)

Discontent was general in the back country, but opposition to the collection of the excise tax was strongest in Allegany, Maryland and Washington, Fayette, and Westmoreland counties in Pennsylvania. Most of Western Maryland however was also in turmoil.

President Washington was determined to enforce the act, and on August 7, 1794 he called upon the militia of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia, a total of 15,000 men to quell the rebellion. By September riots in opposition to the draft of these troops had reached alarming proportions.

In western Maryland. At Cumberland rebels attempted to force tax collector Selby to surrender his papers of office.

In fact one could scarcely get out of sight of the smoke of a still house.

On September 26, 1794, Washington published a second proclamation, ordering the Pennsylvania and New Jersey troops to gather at Bedford, Pennsylvania and the Maryland and Virginia troops to gather at Cumberland. The president himself decided to lead the troops in the field and attack the rebels mobilizing near Pittsburgh. General Alexander Hamilton accompanied him, Tuesday, September 30 Washington's party left Philadelphia.

General George Washington reviewing the Western Army at Fort Washington October 18, 1794. Painting by Frederick Kimmelmeyer. a Baltimore artist who witnessed the scene during the Whiskey Rebellion (Courtesy The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur museum)

He did not arrive in Cumberland until October 16th. He complained the roads were as terrible as ever... the extreme badness of the road more than half of it stony, was severe for the carriage horses.

In spite of the emergency, Washington's finial visit to Cumberland had all the pomp and ceremony of a state visit. Thus Washington returned to Cumberland, which he had last visited in 1784. He remained in town for two days, reading the troops for the battle he believed to be imminent.

Finally, accompanying the Virginia and Maryland contingents, he headed for Bedford and the reunion with the balance of the army. He did not lead these forces westward to Pittsburgh, as the rebels scattered in every direction. The visit was long remembered in Cumberland, His appearance was commemorated by at least one artist, Frederick Kimmelmeyer of Baltimore, who had made the difficult journey to Cumberland for that purpose."

Moses needed the shipping business and he was against the tax like most of the farmers in Allegany County. Even though he didn't think he would have an opportunity to talk to Washington personally, Moses couldn't resist the chance to see Washington again, so he took David with him and went to Cumberland. It was his last time, as he died two years later.

Schlosnagle continues:

"The 1800 census listed 6,303 residents in Allegany County, 20% of which lived in what is now Garrett county. By 1810, the census revealed a gain of only 606 people. In spite of heavy traffic on the Baltimore Cumberland Pike from the eastern shore and the south of Maryland of settlers looking for new lands, the increased growth had been off set by the departure of many original citizens-families enticed still farther west by tails of riches and flatter land for the tacking.

Some new comers filled the vacuum. Many of them, especially those who scratched out a livelihood in George's Creek valley lived on the edge of poverty. There was not yet a demand for coal nor a market for the valuable timber of the unbroken forest in the valley, and the land was rough and poor for crops. (The "hollers" [hollows or creek valleys] of Garret county and the hills of West Virginia were and still are very treacherous, when heavy rains come, they quickly fill to flood homes or farms along the creek.)

The largest center of population was Cumberland. It served as a rest stop where a traveler could put up in a local in, eat a hot dinner with beer and cider, sleep on clean sheets, have his horse tended, and fed breakfast, all for under nine shillings- a rate fixed by county law. He could save a bit more by sleeping on sheets used before."

Only the main commercial thoroughfare, Mechanic Street, was wide enough to allow a wagon to turn around. The streets were packed dirt, with slush, mud, and dust in season and horse manure at all times. There was poor water and sewage control. Disease was rampant.

From the many records of land and business transactions, it would appear that Moses had started a business partnership (including a sawmill) with John Templeman around March 6, 1794, one or two years before he died. John Templeman and Moses' heirs, David and Joshua, tried to run the business together for a few years after Moses' death.

David bought Joshua's share of the sawmill in 1799. Joshua was living in George's Creek in 1800. Maybe Joshua was running a coal mine while David and Templeman ran the sawmill. (Joshua may have sold his interest in the sawmill to invest in a coal mine.) Perhaps they cut lumber to built the rafts to ship the coal, and other items down river. The business may have been thriving by 1800, when their sister Margaret bought George Lamar's interest in Moses' real estate. But Joshua developed problems with the coal mine. On December 10, 1803 a judgment was issued against him for unpaid bills.

Unfortunately, the sawmill burned down sometime before October 1806, Rather than continue to struggle, Templeman sold out to Thomas Pritchard. David, Thomas Pritchard and Joshua may have thought about rebuilding the saw mill, but didn't make a go of it. Joshua and his family moved back to the Glades to farm his father's old homestead.

It is not known how the Titchenals settled their business affairs. It is known that a John Brant moved from Monongalia County in 1809. That year Thomas Pritchard deeded to John Brant for $10, a mill site and Military lot #313 on the Savage River. Because of the small sum received for the land by Thomas Pritchard, he may have also taken Brant's land in Monongalia County in trade, he moved there in 1809.

About 1810, John Brant began manufacturing guns at this mill site or at a new factory on the North Branch of the Savage River. In 1811, the U.S. Government was preparing for war with Great Britain, and on Dec. 26 of that year John Brant contracted with Caleb Morrison [1], John Roberts, John Morrison[1], Charles Allen and Elijah Arnold of Culpeler County, Virginia to manufacture 2327 muskets with bayonets complete, to be delivered to the U.S. armory at Harper's Ferry within three years.

These gentlemen advanced Brant $3,486.50. In order to secure the Virginia contractors, from whom Brant had a subcontract, on February 12, 1812, John Brant mortgaged his property to them. In the court records, the property was described as follows;

"Land in the forks of Savage Creek adjoining the North branch, 400 acres which Brant bought from Moses Titchenal; also the majority of an adjoining tract on Savage Creek, 50 acres, with a grist mill thereon together with all the improvements to said tracts including all tools, equipment, and materials used in the manufacture of arms. John Morrison[1] of Westernport was one of the witness to the contract. John Brant not only complied with his contract, but was known for excellent workmanship for many years thereafter."

The delays in the building of the canal and the improving of the Potomac River to Westernport, along with the burning of the saw mill, and the failed coal mine had taken a lot out of David.

David may have been disappointed and discouraged but he hung on a little while longer and tried his luck farming in Hampshire County near where they lived when he first came from New Jersey. When he purchased 168 acres in Hampshire County, Virginia on the North Branch of the Potomac River in October 1807, he listed Allegany county as his residence.

He worked the land for about two more years, but wasn't happy. He didn't see business improving in the near future in the area. The problems with the two probate closing s had exhausted him and he was tired of his siblings bickering over Moses' and Andrew Buckalew's Estates. He wondered if he should try to start over at a new location.

His father had built all of his land purchases around his belief in the Potomac Canal. By 1810, David still had a great belief that rivers and canals were the future. But the canal along the Potomac was not progressing. Since 1780 there had been a dispute between the Baltimore & Ohio and the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal companies as to which of them would build the canal to the Ohio river. Nothing much had happened, David was not sure anything would happen. (He was right. The dispute wasn't settled until 1830, and by then there was talk of railroads, so a canal from the Potomac never reached the Ohio.)

The Virginia Legislature also thought the West Fork of The Monongalia River to be a practical means of transportation. The Monongalia River already connected with the Ohio River at Pittsburgh. It would be easier to use this route to markets along the Ohio and Mississippi all the way to New Orleans. In 1793, they passed an act to clear and extend the navigation of the Monongalia and The West Fork rivers for convenient passage of canoes and flat boats. It was declared a public highway January, 1793. (Work never actually started until January 19, 1817.)

Virginia was a southern state and permitted slaves. Most of the slave owners were old Virginia families, in the southern and tide lands. The western part of Virginia was more mountainous and did not lend itself to plantation farms. It is not known if any of the Titchenal family ever owned slaves in Western Maryland or Virginia. I do not think they did, they came from New Jersey in the north and there is reason to believe they were against the practice of slavery.


Footnotes for chapter V:

Slave owners in Hampshire Co. census with some connection to the Titchenals
1782--John Bacorn, 3 whites, 12 blacks [Moses purchased his first land from him.]
1782--John Ryan, 8 whites, 11 blacks [A possible relative of Moses' widow, Margaret's 2nd husband.]
1830--James Buckalaw, 3 whites, 9 blacks [may be a brother-in-law of David Titchenal]
1840--James Buckalue, 8 whites, 51 blacks

(1) In 1857 in California Susan Eliza Titchenal [daughter of William Titchenal] would marry McHenry Morrison. Their great great granddaughter, Jeanette Helen Morrison, would become Janet Leigh (a Movie Star of the late 1940s 50s and 60s). McHenry Morrison might be a descendent of this Morrison.

(2) Maybe this was Abigail Titchenal's husband's family, she married Henry Duckworth in 1808.

(3) Aron Duckworth may have been the father of Henry Duckworth.

(4) Because of Margaret's husband was dead, her future son-in-law Thomas Pritchard was granted joint Guardianship together with Margaret.

(5) Whatever the reason, it seems to the author, David did not get his fair share of his father's estate. He probably did not think he was fairly treated, especially as he was the one that fought in the war, substituting for his father and others. No record has been found of his being awarded land for his military service. All the land was awarded to his father. His father and his brothers had a chance to profit while he was away risking his life. As administrator he had all the work of gathering the details of his father's estate, paying the bills, etc. The records of the estate were probably in poor shape since Moses died suddenly.

(6) A Duckworth was listed among the people living in West Port at the turn of the century, see page 85.

(7) Stephen Schlosnagle, in his book Garrett County said; "In 1771 John Head surveyed the 367 acre Arron Vale estate in Ryan's Glade between the Great Backbone Mountain and the Potomac River. The glade had first been named Warner's Glade after a early temporary squatter; it was later renamed after John Ryan, another short-term settler".

[8] The only evidence I have found that Moses owned and operated a saw mill is the statement in sale of the property that a mill was to be built and the land had the ruins of burnt mill upon it. Also in 1799 David bought Joshua's share of the sawmill.