It all started when Martin Tichenor (Tichnell) came to America sometime before 1644. (He took the oath of allegiance at the New Haven colony in August 1644.) He married Mary Charles, daughter of John Charles, May 16,1651. Her father was listed as mariner and was in Charleston, Massachusetts before 1636. John Charles moved to New Haven sometime before 1640, possibly 1638. His daughter, Mary was either born in Massachusetts, or a very young child when he crossed the Atlantic from England.
Family tradition(1) has it that, "the first Titchenal brothers came to America and settled Virginia in the early 1600's having been driven from Alsace-Lorraine by the thirty years war." Even though evidence of this tradition has never been found, there is reason to believe it has a ring of truth.
In 1920, a Richard B. Teachenor published a paper, quoting a Dr. George Tichenor, who believed the name came from the Latin word "technicus" (teacher of art). He said the Saxon word for North was "nor" (modern French word "nord"); add the termination to the Latin and it becomes techinor or artisan of the north; compare this with the Dutch technaar (designer) and the coincidence is striking. E. F. Dutton in the "Romance of Names" (1914) says Ticknor, Tickner is a Dutch name for, draughtsman [from Tekener, cognate with Token.]
History also tells us that for a long time England was the source of wool for the Dutch weavers of the "famous Dutch artistic tapestries" of the middle ages to the 19th century. England started its own textile industry and encouraged Dutch families to migrate as textile workers. Dutch weavers and craftsmen were glad to come to England from the continent, to flee economic conditions. Some came as early as the eleventh century, many during the Reformation in the 16th century and the thirty years war in 17th century, and they mingled with the East Anglicans.
The period of 1600 to 1650 was also a time of revolution and depression in England. The East Anglicans were unhappy with the English wages, and also considered themselves members of a conscious community of Gods people who believed their freedom was threatened by the king and the Church. The first wave of settlers to New England came from Plymouth and Bristol. They came for religious freedom but one of the key elements in their migration was a desire for greater estates and profit than England afforded them. They were soon joined, about 1634, by weavers and craftsmen from East Anglia, some of these with Dutch blood.
There are no ship records that tell of Martin's arrival, nor records that show his age. It is logical to assume he was a young man 21 to 30 when he married Mary Charles in 1651. If so, he would have been born between 1621 and 1630 and would have been 14 to 23 years old when he took the oath of allegiance for the New haven Colony in 1644. His last child of record was born in 1663, when he would have been 33 to 42. His will was dated 1681, when he would have been 51 to 60 years old.
His son, John, was willed 51 acres of land, but John died before it was deeded to him, and so the land was confirmed to John's son Martin Jr., May 1, 1697. The 1697 town records show that Martin's sons, Daniel and Jonathan received "land in the right of their father". We can assume Martin Sr.. died shortly before that date at an age of between 67 and 77 years.
Martin is not listed as passenger on any ship, but a Henry Ticknell is listed as a passenger on the ship "Hopewell " out of London in the autumn of 1635. There is also a marriage record of William Ticknor and Hannah Stockbridge in Scituate Massachusetts in 1646. No other records of Henry or William have been found. Given the various spellings of the Tichenor name in England and colonial America, in particular the Tickner and Ticknell spelling in the 1600s in England, we can speculate that these men were related in some way.
It is possible Henry was the father and Martin and William were his sons, nether listed as passengers because they were children under the age of fourteen. Even if Henry was not Martin's father, we can assume that Martin was born in England between 1621and 1630 and was a child when he arrived in America.
William Strauss and Neil Howe in their book, Generations;, divide Americans into eighteen generations, living through five American cycles. They try to show that each generation has special characteristics which can be described. These characteristics repeat over several generations and cycles. They start with the Colonial Cycle and the Puritan Generation, which included men who were born in England between 1584 to 1614. Then the Cavalier Generation born between 1615 and 1647 in England or America. (See generation chart, page 10)
Strauss and Howe also said,
"The young Quaker Joshua Colale, when he toured the colonies in 1650, called his peers, A wicked and perverse generation. He might have called them a peer group of pluck, materialism, and self doubt. The Cavalier generation followed the Puritan generation with skepticism following belief, egotism following community, and devils following saints. At worst they were an unlettered generation of little faith and crude ambition-or so they were told all their lives, and so many of them believed and behaved. The generation included more than usual number of rouges: adventures, witches, pirates, smugglers, Indian Haters, and traitors. At their best the Cavaliers were a generation whose perverse defiance of moral authority gave America it's first instinct for individual autonomy, for rights of property and liberty concepts utterly foreign to their elders."
It is difficult to say if Strauss and Howe's classifications and character descriptions fit the Titchenal generations, but there are twelve Titchenal generations in America from Martin to my grandchildren. I am the tenth generation of the Titchenals in America but the 14th generation based on the division chosen by Strauss and Howe. My ancestors ages and generation cycles skipped four of the generations described in their book. Martin was born into the Cavalier Generation. I have used their book and other history books to try to try to describe each Titchenal generation. By comparing their lives to the character descriptions in the book. Generations., I hope this effort will help to enable each of us to better understand our ancestors. (See generation chart, pages 26/27.)