Cherokee Connection Chapter 3 page 1
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Cherokee Connection
Chapter III

Life in Indian Territory
1835 to 1902.

My Titchenal ancestors, John and Rebecca Titchenal, lived in Fort Smith, Arkansas during the 1820 to 1880, which bordered the new Indian Territory. Their daughter, Mary Ellen, said her mother and father, John and Rebecca, had great sympathy for the Indians that were forced to leave their homes in Georgia and march all the way to their new land in Arkansas Territory. (Volume I Section II of the Titchenal Saga)

In addition to the terrible conditions the Cherokee Indians faced on their long march, The new home in Oklahoma was a big disappointment. The land they had left was filled with large trees, green grass and bushes. The new land was almost a desert in comparison. In addition some of them faced even greater life threatening action when they arrived at their new homeland. One of these men was James Starr, whose son, Tom Starr, later became a friend of my grandfather, William Freeman Keith. Perhaps also a friend of John Arnett and his daughters.

As explained in The Titchenal Saga Chapter XXVIII, in 1835 some of the Cherokee Indians signed the New Echota Treaty. The signers included James Starr, Major Ridge, Elias Boudinot and his brother Stand Watie. To save a fight they broke from the majority of Cherokees and agreed with the U.S. Goverment to move to Arkansas Territory. A large group but not the majority of Cherokees were actually moved. They started the Western Cherokee Nation.

One Keith (Not our Keith) but no McClures were listed on The Henderson Roll (1835), the official U.S. census of individual Cherokees that agreed to be removed. The Keith that was listed on the Henderson roll never showed up on a list again in Oklahoma, maybe the family died on the trip.

Many other Cherokees loyal to John Ross, President of the Cherokee Nation, did not sign the treaty and refused to go to Arkansas. Instead they tried to fight the treaty by addressing congress.


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